Caries (lat. Caries dentium) - pathological process that begins after teething, accompanied by demineralization, proteolysis and formation cavity under the action of endogenous and exogenous factors.
Caries - a very common disease. In childhood, it ranks first among chronic diseases and occurs 5-8 times more frequently than the disease that is the second most common, bronchial asthma. According to different authors from 80 to 90% of children with milk bite, about 80% of adolescents at the time of graduation have cavities and 95-98% of adults have sealed teeth.
Currently, dental caries is associated with a local pH change at the tooth surface plaque due under fermentation (glycolysis) carbohydrates, implemented by microorganisms and the formation of organic acids.
Dental caries divided:
• Caries spot stages(carious spot, initial caries).
At this stage of tooth enamel changes color due to the formation of her chalky spots. The surface thus remains smooth as enamel is only in the initial stages of destruction. At this point it is important to prevent further disease development. In the early stages of tooth decay and heal easier, cheaper and painless.
• The surface caries.
In the next step, timely raw chalk is rough spot. The tooth hurts in this place of hot, cold foods, and is sensitive to sweet and sour.
• Average caries.
In the third stage caries begins to penetrate deeper. Amazed dentin. It is clearly seen serious destruction of the tooth. Pain becomes more frequent, intense and long.
• Deep cavity.
When damage tooth reach okolopulparnoho dentine caries deep stage begins. If you do not treat the disease is further destruction of lesion of dentin and pulp (nerve) of the tooth - pulpit and as a result of its continued periodontitis.
If cavity within enamel-dentinum junction than treatment is limited to full-fill with composite material. If cavity has connection with pulp (nerve) of the tooth it is necessary to do root canal treatment (endodontics). Continue
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